Page 17 Joyce and Beckett

" Mearmerge two races, swete and brack. Morthering rue. Hither, craching eastuards, they are in surgence: hence, cool at ebb, they requiesce. Countlessness of livestories have netherfallen by this plage, flick as flowflakes, litters from aloft, like a waast wizzard all of whirlworlds. Now are all tombed to the mound, isges to isges, erde from erde. Pride, O pride, thy prize!"

A common theme in Finnegans Wake is of an older man being replaced (or usurped) by a younger. We see this not only in HCE's anxieties in the text, but also in Joyce's concerns for his own place in literary history, and the ways in which he represents Yeats as a literary giant of the past, and Beckett as the giant of the future.

On page 17, we start to see Mutt and Jute merge into each other more, as Jute begins to stammer and Mutt's language becomes more and more accented.

This illustration is based on a 1610 map of Dublin by John Speed which shows Trinity College, Dublin Castle, a selection of churches, and the Father Matthew Bridge. My landmarks may look a little less Hibernian.

Joyce and Beckett, who met in France, are depicted here as geese, echoing the flight of the Wild Geese for France in 1691. Both of our literary exiles left Ireland to pursue creative freedom, but they brought the city of Dublin with them wherever they went.

As you read through this page, see if you can pinpoint the moments in which Mutt and Jute seem to blend into each other.